https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/issue/feed Minerva 2024-04-27T13:35:01+00:00 Franyelit Suárez editorial@autanabooks.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Minerva</strong> represents a new version of Multidisciplinary Scientific Journals. It is intended to collect high-quality research and academic scientific material, produced by scientists and researchers at a Latin American and global level with the purpose of disseminating the work of teaching and research work.</p> https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/147 Environmental education and sustainable tourism for visitors to Peru 2024-02-28T19:39:24+00:00 James Josmell Ojeda Portugal jojedap@unsa.edu.pe Cecilia Alejandra Alarcon Vilca calarcon@unsa.edu.pe Jeniffer Stephanie Diaz Santivanez jdiazsan@unsa.edu.pe Diana Soledad Maquera Yucra dmaqueray@unsa.edu.pe Raul Mauro Gonzales-Veliz rgonzalesve@unsa.edu.pe <p>This study examined the impact of environmental education on sustainable tourism. A causal and correlational investigation was carried out of a non-experimental and transversal nature, in which 1,000 tourists who visited the city of Arequipa-Peru participated. These were intentionally selected to represent a specific sample. Two expert-validated surveys were used for data collection. The results indicated a moderate level of environmental education, with foreign professional women showing profound environmental knowledge. On the contrary, young national professionals demonstrated a profound commitment to the environment. These results underscore the significant link between environmental education and sustainable tourism. Nevertheless, a definitive conclusion was not reached about the study, as there could be other contributing factors.</p> 2024-02-27T16:16:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 James Josmell Ojeda Portugal, Cecilia Alejandra Alarcon Vilca, Jeniffer Stephanie Diaz Santivanez, Diana Soledad Maquera Yucra, Raul Mauro Gonzales-Veliz https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/148 Mathematical model in the optimization of the cost of heavy agricultural cargo transportation 2024-02-28T19:39:12+00:00 Juan Alberto Avalos Reyes javalos@espoch.edu.ec Patricia Mercedes Cepeda Silva patricia.cepeda@espoch.edu.ec Paul Caceres alejandro.caceres@espoch.edu.ec <p><span class="OYPEnA text-decoration-none text-strikethrough-none">This work aimed to design a mathematical model to optimize the cost of heavy agricultural load transport using linear programming. The model was based on studying fixed and variable costs, including distance, cargo volume, arrival and departure times, lubricants, fuels, and other variables that influence transport pricing. The work had a quantitative approach, descriptive type, and its design of the non-experimental character with a cross-section. The methods were used, inductive, deductive, and systemic. For the collection of information, the survey was used as a technique and the questionnaire as an instrument, evidencing that most carriers do not know the calculation of the actual cost of transport, thus visualizing the need for a mathematical model in cost optimization, an achievement validated in the WINQSB program (Network Modeling Module).</span></p> 2024-02-27T16:46:34+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Juan Alberto Avalos Reyes, Patricia Mercedes Cepeda Silva, Paul Caceres https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/149 Design of an educational strategy based on digital resources for the teaching of social sciences 2024-02-28T19:39:49+00:00 Cesar Camilo Zambrano Tomala czambrano6443@utm.edu.ec Jisson Oswaldo Vega Intriago jisson.vega@utm.edu.ec Marcos Fernando Pazmino Campuzano marcos.pazmino@utm.edu.ec <p>This research proposes a pedagogical strategy incorporating digital tools for teaching Social Sciences. A quantitative approach is employed data collection targeting educational authorities, teachers, and students to assess the commitment and feasibility of implementing a new educational proposal. The results reflect the commitment and interest of participants towards creating this pedagogical strategy. Various digital tools are suggested, including Telegram for communication, ChatGPT and Virtual Encyclopedias for content generation, Kahoot and Google Form for assessment, and Timeline JS and Powtoon for dynamic presentations. Finally, the proposal was validated through a comparative study between a control group and an experimental one. The findings indicate that the new pedagogical strategy offers a higher innovation, relevance, and improvement in students' learning process.</p> 2024-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Cesar Camilo Zambrano Tomala, Jisson Oswaldo Vega Intriago, Marcos Fernando Pazmino Campuzano https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/150 Use of calcium zeolite as an absorption agent for arsenic and lead in mine tailings 2024-02-28T19:39:36+00:00 Patricio Feijoo pfeijoo@uazuay.edu.ec Eduardo Luna eluna@uazuay.edu.ec <p><span class="OYPEnA text-decoration-none text-strikethrough-none">Metallurgical processes in beneficiation plants, generate large quantities of waste called mining tailings, which are harmful to the environment and health due to the heavy metals present. These tailings are sometimes deposited in water effluents, close to mining production areas. Therefore, the purpose of the present investigation was to propose partial remediation of the exposed problem, with the use of zeolite, depositing this mineral on and under the mining tailings, carrying out 10 tests, with variation in the amount of zeolite, from 100 to 500 grams. The trials were subject to an action time of 30 days. The results obtained in the experimentation show that the test with 500 grams, placed at the bottom of the tailings, was the most efficient for the absorption of heavy metals, specifically with results of 43% in lead and 51% in arsenic, which benefits to the environment.</span></p> 2024-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Patricio Feijoo, Eduardo Luna https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/151 Project Based Learning to promote the teaching of chemistry 2024-03-08T09:50:41+00:00 Karla Sofia Echeverria Giler kecheverria5903@utm.edu.ec Jean Carlos Perez Parra jean.perez@utm.edu.ec <p><span class="OYPEnA text-decoration-none text-strikethrough-none">El Aprendizaje Basado en Proyectos (ABP) se posiciona como una estrategia educativa valiosa que promueve el desarrollo de habilidades para la resolución de problemas prácticos. En este estudio se investigó la efectividad del ABP en comparación con el método de enseñanza tradicional en el contexto de la enseñanza de la química en la educación secundaria, específicamente en el abordaje del tema ácido-base. Para ello se empleó una muestra de 42 estudiantes de bachillerato. Los participantes se dividieron equitativamente en dos grupos de 21 estudiantes: Uno sometido al enfoque ABP (grupo experimental) y otro al enfoque tradicional (grupo de control). Se aplicaron dos test, uno previo y otro posterior a la intervención, a ambos grupos. La investigación se apoyó en el análisis de los resultados obtenidos a través de la prueba t-student para comparación de medias. Los resultados arrojaron que el ABP tiene un impacto significativo en el proceso de aprendizaje.</span></p> 2024-03-07T16:08:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Karla Sofia Echeverria Giler, Jean Carlos Perez Parra https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/152 The Role of object-oriented Programming in sustainable and Scalable Software Development 2024-03-08T09:50:29+00:00 Jose Belisario Vera Vera belisariovera@espam.edu.ec Jose Rafael Vera Vera jose_verav@espam.edu.ec <p><span class="OYPEnA text-decoration-none text-strikethrough-none">This study empirically evaluates how various practices and principles of object-oriented programming (OOP) impact the sustainability and scalability of software projects. A detailed analysis of real-world projects is carried out, considering aspects such as encapsulation, code reuse, modularity, and the application of inheritance and polymorphism. The goal was to identify patterns and best practices contributing to efficient and adaptable software development. The main results highlight that the adoption of OOP practices, such as encapsulation, code reuse, modularity, inheritance, and polymorphism, can be essential for efficient and adaptable software development over time, effectively addressing scalability and sustainability challenges in real-world projects.</span></p> 2024-03-08T02:28:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jose Belisario Vera Vera, Jose Rafael Vera Vera https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/153 Obtaining glycerol from the transesterification of used edible oils. 2024-03-09T09:52:44+00:00 Steeven Jose Analuisa Mero sanaluisa8209@utm.edu.ec Luis Alberto Moreno Ponce lmoreno7867@utm.edu.ec Segundo Alcides Garcia Muentes segundo.garcia@utm.edu.ec Ramon Eudoro Cevallos Cedeno ramon.cevallos@utm.edu.ec Ariana Milena Garcia Bowen agarcia4908@utm.edu.ec <p><span class="OYPEnA text-decoration-none text-strikethrough-none">This paper presents a study related to obtaining glycerol as a by-product of the transesterification of edible oils used to be used in the preparation of hydrogel. The main results show that it is possible to obtain a pure and refined glycerol, in addition, it was observed that the parameters were within the regulations presented by several authors. It was also observed that the glycerol with better properties was obtained at 60 minutes at a temperature of 60ºC. In this way, it is possible to affirm that it is viable to use discarded oils as an alternative for their application in the elaboration of products that benefit the chemical, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries, as is the case of hydrogel, thus avoiding their incorporation into the environment.</span></p> 2024-03-08T17:14:50+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Steeven Jose Analuisa Mero, Luis Alberto Moreno Ponce, Segundo Alcides Garcia Muentes, Ramon Eudoro Cevallos Cedeno, Ariana Milena Garcia Bowen https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/154 Use of GeoGebra for teaching quadratic equation 2024-04-03T11:33:23+00:00 Jaime Arias Mendez jarias1057@utm.edu.ec Fredy Yunior Rivadeneira Loor fredy.rivadeneira@utm.edu.ec <p><span class="OYPEnA text-decoration-none text-strikethrough-none">The present study was carried out to massify the use of the GeoGebra program in high school mathematics teachers. A pretest was carried out, after the training an evaluation was used, and then a satisfaction survey with all the teachers, with the dependent variable being the learning of quadratic equations and the use of GeoGebra as an independent variable. The methodology consisted of using this software to motivate students in the teaching-learning process of mathematics. The main results show that the traditional teaching of mathematics can be complex for today's students, however, the use of technological tools such as GeoGebra is attractive to them, which causes motivation and consequently achieves more effective learning.</span></p> 2024-04-03T00:33:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jaime Arias Mendez, Fredy Yunior Rivadeneira Loor https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/155 Home experiments to promote the learning of mixtures in the subject of inorganic chemistry 2024-04-04T11:38:00+00:00 Paola Alexandra Zambrano Cevallos pzambrano8676@utm.edu.ec Kerly Leomar Toala-Vera kerlyta13@hotmail.es <p><span class="OYPEnA text-decoration-none text-strikethrough-none">Chemistry is an empirical science and as such experimental work in the laboratory (or even at home) must be part of the teaching-learning process. Favorably, Chemistry is a science that allows many simple experiments to be carried out using easily accessible substances and materials. This paper aimed to implement home experiments to promote the learning of mixtures in inorganic chemistry subject. The applied methodology was descriptive and qualitative research. According to the results found, it is mentioned that experimentation goes beyond observation, because it offers the possibility of studying natural phenomena in greater depth, giving way to curiosity as an essential part of this practice. In conclusion, experimental activities in the laboratory are a fundamental part of the teaching and learning of Chemistry. However, many times its implementation can be limited by factors such as the lack of materials and instruments.</span></p> 2024-04-03T13:55:19+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Paola Alexandra Zambrano Cevallos, Kerly Leomar Toala-Vera https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/156 Emancipatory education in the Ecuadorian context: a systematic literature review 2024-04-04T11:37:48+00:00 Alex Mauricio Alvarez Zurita amalvarez@uce.edu.ec Dilia Camacho diliacamacho@gmail.com Eduardo Simon Velasco Pullupaxi esvelascop1@uce.edu.ec Carlos Alberto Andocilla Andrade caandocilla@uce.edu.ec <p><span class="OYPEnA text-decoration-none text-strikethrough-none">Emancipatory education is presented as an educational methodology that promotes the empowerment of students to achieve concrete learning goals. In this context, this paper presents a detailed literature review on the subject, to know the characteristics and global trends in emancipatory education. For this, the PRISMA methodology of the bibliographic review was used, and published works from the years 2023 and 2024 were selected, in Scopus databases. The main findings reveal that the topic of the study had a great emphasis in 2023 and that the main countries conducting research in this area are the United States and Brazil. This indicates that emancipatory education continues to be an issue of great international importance and therefore, it is necessary to develop a Latin American initiative.</span></p> 2024-04-03T19:56:28+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Alex Mauricio Alvarez Zurita, Dilia Camacho, Eduardo Simon Velasco Pullupaxi, Carlos Alberto Andocilla Andrade https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/157 Optimization and evaluation of experimental practices in inorganic chemistry: advances and perspectives 2024-04-27T13:35:01+00:00 Gisella Maria Zambrano Rivas gzambrano0804@utm.edu.ec Mario Adelfo Batista Zaldívar mario.batista@utm.edu.ec <p style="text-align: justify;">La enseñanza y aprendizaje de química presenta desafíos permanentes en la educación en bachillerato, especialmente al abordar las habilidades prácticas y experimentales de las teorías químicas. Este estudio se centró en aplicar cinco actividades experimentales en el área de gases de la materia químicainorgánica. Para ellos, se empleó un diseño cuasiexperimental con un grupo de control y un grupo experimental, cada uno con 37 estudiantes. El análisis de resultados se realizó con estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Los principales resultados confirmaron que el uso de actividades experimentales ayudasignificativamente en el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes y en su aprendizaje en general.</p> 2024-04-26T13:47:03+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Gisella Maria Zambrano Rivas, Mario Adelfo Batista Zaldívar https://minerva.autanabooks.com/index.php/Minerva/article/view/158 Curricular Adaptations for the learning of mathematical concepts in students with intellectual educational needs 2024-04-27T13:34:48+00:00 Wendy Fabiola Mendoza Sanchez wmendoza2618@utm.edu.ec <p>Education is a fundamental right in a person's life, without distinction or conditions. Therefore, this research aimed to develop a didactic proposal of curricular adaptations for the learning of mathematical concepts in students with intellectual educational needs. In this context, a qualitative and<br>descriptive study took students with this condition and educational teachers as study individuals. The results obtained in the diagnosis externalized the importance of applying adaptations depending on the degree of complexity presented by each student. In this way, a proposal is presented that contributes to improving the teaching-learning process of young people with intellectual disabilities in different degrees and that allows them to strengthen fundamental mathematical concepts to include them in their daily activities and the environment that surrounds them.</p> 2024-04-26T14:39:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Wendy Fabiola Mendoza Sanchez