Minerva 2023-03-11T00:02:30+00:00 Franyelit Suárez Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Minerva</strong> represents a new version of Multidisciplinary Scientific Journals. It is intended to collect high-quality research and academic scientific material, produced by scientists and researchers at a Latin American and global level with the purpose of disseminating the work of teaching and research work.</p> Business Intelligence & Data Analytics applied to the curricular monitoring process at the UPEC university 2022-12-27T16:47:13+00:00 Jhony Vicente Enriquez Herrera Juan Pablo Lopez Goyez Wilson Andres Zabala Villarreal <p>The research highlights the importance of applying new trends, such as Business Intelligence &amp; Data Analytics, within organizations and institutions to solve strategic and managerial decision-making problems. Based on this concept, a solution was developed for the curricular follow-up process in the Academic Direction of the Polytechnic State University of Carchi; in this sense, quantitative methodologies and Ralph Kimball's method were created for storage and analysis; and the ETL process was designed for the processing of the data obtained from the databases of the integrated computer system. Finally, control panels were developed through the Power BI tool to create dashboards. BI strategies were applied to deliver accurate information in real-time, easy to interpret, and oriented to satisfy the institutional requirements for the academic area.</p> 2022-12-13T15:08:51+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jhony Vicente Enriquez Herrera, Juan Pablo Lopez Goyez, Wilson Andres Zabala Villarreal Low/No-code development platforms and the future of software developers 2022-12-26T16:24:56+00:00 Cristhian Gustavo Minaya Vera Mendoza Velez Oswaldo Vicente Irina Loreley Arias Vera Minaya Vera Andres Alexander Henry Fabricio Bravo Vera <p>Low/No-code is a trend in the software development industry that seeks to provide those without specific computer training with easy-to-use tools to create applications or programs to meet a particular business need. In the market, multiple platforms allow users to develop software solutions with<br>some code or, in some cases, no need for coding. This paper explores the origins of this trend and how it has evolved, and its adoption in software development. The investigation also analyzed the implications of this trend for software professionals over the near future.</p> 2022-12-13T20:40:22+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Cristhian Gustavo Minaya Vera, Mendoza Velez Oswaldo Vicente, Irina Loreley Arias Vera, Minaya Vera Andres Alexander, Henry Fabricio Bravo Vera Security management model for mobile devices in the university community 2022-12-26T16:24:49+00:00 Fabricio Rivadeneira Angel Macias Mercedes Garces Holger Bravo Martha Andrade <p>The declaration of a global health emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic increased the use of mobile devices to carry out different activities but associated with their use come information security risks. Knowing that the human being in charge of operating mobile devices, the weakest link in the security chain, could be a victim of social engineering attacks by not managing security correctly. This research determined how the university community operates security in mobile devices, for which 310 surveys were applied to students, teachers, administrative and service personnel. For the analysis of the result, the statistical method was used, descriptive analysis, obtaining the result that 89% of respondents correctly managed the risks associated with security. However, the university does not carry out training nor disseminate protection mechanisms to avoid social engineering attacks.</p> 2022-12-13T22:05:49+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Fabricio Rivadeneira, Angel Macias, Mercedes Garces, Holger Bravo, Martha Andrade The learning-oriented gamification virtual environments of Android Studio 2022-12-26T16:24:41+00:00 Fátima Acnabel Valencia Castro Jadira Nicole Munoz Pino Yanina Alexandra Viteri Alcivar Wendy Claribel Solorzano Loor Eliana Dolores Zamora Moreira <p>The research aimed to determine the effectiveness of virtual gamification environments as a pedagogical strategy to motivate learning on the Android Studio platform at the High School level in the Millennium Educational Unit "Jama." Which had a quantitative approach that developed surveys on the previous knowledge achieved by teachers related to virtual gamification environments, showing that 97% of teachers do not have basic knowledge related to the subject, and at the same time, 67% have no knowledge regarding virtual environments in the teaching-learning process. Considering the importance of introducing virtual gamification environments in the teaching-learning process to improve the teacher/student relationship through technology since one must constantly learn&nbsp;to be on par with the most developed countries globally.</p> 2022-12-14T02:39:12+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Fátima Acnabel Valencia Castro, Jadira Nicole Munoz Pino, Yanina Alexandra Viteri Alcivar, Wendy Claribel Solorzano Loor, Eliana Dolores Zamora Moreira YouTube platform for the improvement of Learning Results in Students of the Higher Basic Sublevel 2022-12-26T16:24:34+00:00 Alberth Antonio Delgado Luna Frank Aquino Cornejo Moreira Genith Viviana Molina Pinargote Jorge Luis Moreira Calderon Mendoza Loor Mendoza Loor <p>This research aimed to demonstrate that the YouTube platform improves learning outcomes in upper-basic sublevel students. Likewise, the problem arose from the increased use of digital tools due to the pandemic. The applied methodology was bibliographic, descriptive, comparative, and transversal. We worked with a sample of thirty students, of which fifteen participated in regular classes without YouTube as a compliment, and the other fifteen did use YouTube in regular courses. The main results show that the use of didactic videos in virtual teaching is essential for the acquisition and understanding of knowledge, observing that in the group that used videos for explanations, the results were highly satisfactory, while in the group that did not use videos. In videos, the results were worrying and weak.</p> 2022-12-14T16:16:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alberth Antonio Delgado Luna, Frank Aquino Cornejo Moreira, Genith Viviana Molina Pinargote, Jorge Luis Moreira Calderon, Mendoza Loor Mendoza Loor Advertising – digital communication for the socio–cultural development of the ancestral cultural sanctuaries of the red road: Yololo (Chongón) and Cempohualli (Guale) 2022-12-26T16:24:26+00:00 Guadalupe Vernimmen Carlos Samaniego Gustavo Rennella Narcisa Contreras Marjorie Pazmino <p>The objective of this work was to analyze the management of digital communication in the ancestral cultural sanctuaries Yololo Chicomoztoc Teocalli and Campo Hualli located in Chongón and Guale in Ecuador, respectively, the links between digital communication and socio-cultural development<br>were examined, offering a unique experience by sharing on digital platforms the services that these places provide and the benefits they bring. The research is of a non-experimental and transactional design, of an exploratory type, for which research tools were used that allowed obtaining relevant data, which were analyzed and interpreted, providing valuable information for creating and implementing communication strategies on digital platforms. In a simple and friendly way.</p> 2022-12-14T16:43:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Guadalupe Vernimmen, Carlos Samaniego, Gustavo Rennella, Narcisa Contreras, Marjorie Pazmino Faculty perceptions about the use of the systematic literature review at the university 2022-12-26T16:24:19+00:00 Bella Aurora Barreiro Vera Daniela Vera Velez Aura Mantilla Vivas Holger Munoz Ponce Felisa Meza Intriago <p>In the university environment, research reports abound with limited use of the systematic review of the literature, which implies insufficient theoretical support and inappropriate use of information from other researchers; this work fulfilled the objective of identifying the teachers' perceptions about the use of the Systematic Literature Review techniques. A mixed methodology was applied, using analysis-synthesis and statistical methods to process the information obtained in the survey. The data analyzed were obtained from surveys of 61 university professors. It was accepted as a result that search engines are used more and more using the appropriate logical operators, recognizing their importance in the academic and investigative work of the teacher, as well as the need to strengthen the capacities for their systematization in the training of professionals and methodological activity.</p> 2022-12-14T17:43:36+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Bella Aurora Barreiro Vera, Daniela Vera Velez, Aura Mantilla Vivas, Holger Munoz Ponce, Felisa Meza Intriago Data protection for the use of bring your own device 2022-12-26T16:24:11+00:00 Yaira Anabel Garcia Suarez Kassandra Elizabeth Arteaga Lucas Eliecer Francisco Castillo Bravo Yenny Alexandra Zambrano Villegas Martha Lorena Mendoza Navarrete <p>Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) is a business policy that provides flexibility and productivity to the employees of the companies, organizations, or establishments that adopt it. In this work, a study was carried out to know the formal use of personal mobile devices for work activities, using collection techniques such as surveys and interviews. In this sense, it was analyzed whether or not people officially use BYOD. The main results showed that a significant number of workers use the trend informally from their smartphone, while others are not using it, but they have the availability to do so. Finally, it is proposed to develop an action plan that helps use&nbsp;Bring Your Own Device with adequate data protection and mitigation in the loss of information.</p> 2022-12-14T23:23:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Yaira Anabel Garcia Suarez, Kassandra Elizabeth Arteaga Lucas, Eliecer Francisco Castillo Bravo, Yenny Alexandra Zambrano Villegas, Martha Lorena Mendoza Navarrete Comparative study of face-to-face and virtual learning modalities 2022-12-26T16:24:04+00:00 Rita Ramona Salvatierra Vera Tatiana del Rocío Barreiro Zambrano Fatima Noralma Saldarriaga Santana Rider Eloy Mendoza Saltos Marcelo Alcívar Vera <p>This paper analyzes university students' academic performance&nbsp;between the periods before the COVID-19 pandemic and the period of the pandemic. Different scientific materials from the Scopus database are analyzed to recognize the possible factors that could alter school motivation and, consequently, the grade point average. The grades of students in eight subjects are also analyzed. The main results show that it is impossible to establish a single criterion to recognize the reasons that make young people lower their grades. In addition, it was observed that teaching methodologies are essential for improvements in the learning process.</p> 2022-12-15T04:47:18+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rita Ramona Salvatierra Vera, Tatiana del Rocío Barreiro Zambrano, Fatima Noralma Saldarriaga Santana, Rider Eloy Mendoza Saltos, Marcelo Alcívar Vera Student retention in higher education institutions in Ecuador 2022-12-26T16:23:56+00:00 Sandra Soledispa Pereira Intriago Plaza Intriago Plaza Junior Briones Mera Douglas Anzules Molina Cristian Mera Macias <p>Student retention has become one of the subjects of most significant research interest in higher education due to the high dropout rates occurring for several years worldwide. For the research development, the objective was to analyze student retention in the institutions of higher education in Ecuador. The information from these was analyzed, taking as reference the information reported in the control bodies, the Report on Higher Education in Latin America and the Caribbean of the International Institute of the International of the UNESCO for Higher Education in Latin America and the Caribbean. Methodology Applied quantitative and interpretative research, a review of the information available in the open data portals of national and international higher education indicators was conducted. As a result, the retention rate was obtained for co-financed public and private colleges and universities.</p> 2022-12-15T18:21:06+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sandra Soledispa Pereira, Intriago Plaza Intriago Plaza, Junior Briones Mera, Douglas Anzules Molina, Cristian Mera Macias Analysis of digital marketing as a marketing strategy in SMEs in Manabi 2022-12-26T16:23:48+00:00 Katty Zambrano Alcivar Lenin Parraga Zambrano Karen Mendoza Garcia Arely Delgado Zambrano Freddy Moreira Cabellero <p>Digital marketing is a necessary and effective tool in companies. In this sense, this research aims&nbsp;to analyze digital marketing as a marketing strategy in SMEs. Media and social networks require information to flow faster since reliable and attractive information is sought so customers can make their purchases efficiently. Taking these premises into account, this work is developed in Manabí, Ecuador, for which a quantitative methodology is applied, with a random sample of 167 micro-enterprises. Among the results, it is evident; that most SMEs do not have a marketing plan to support their business, which limits the sales of their products. Another problem encountered is that by not having a marketing strategy that contributes to keeping the public informed correctly, profitability in sales is limited, and a connection between customers and the business is not achieved.</p> 2022-12-16T15:55:34+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Katty Zambrano Alcívar, Lenin Parraga Zambrano, Karen Mendoza Garcia, Arely Delgado Zambrano, Freddy Moreira Cabellero Review of multivariate statistical methods applied to the results of the Ser Bachiller exam in Ecuador 2022-12-26T16:23:40+00:00 Luis Fredy Basantes Moreano Lelly Maria Useche Castro <p>This research includes reviewing studies on the various exit exams for secondary education in Ecuador, as well as admission to higher education, and identifying students' academic, individual, and socioeconomic factors. In addition, files and academic reports associated with applying multivariate statistical techniques such as linear regression, cluster analysis, factor analysis, and principal component analysis were analyzed. At the same time, studying the academic variables associated with the exam was considered, considering the measurement of general knowledge, sociodemographic and socioeconomic variables. The application of statistical techniques showed in most studies that the variables are associated mainly with academic performance. This made it possible to determine in the long term that numbers define positive or negative scales, and the forms of learning constituted daily as a challenge.</p> 2022-12-16T19:14:10+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Luis Fredy Basantes Moreano, Lelly Maria Useche Castro Lignocellulosic waste and activated carbon production method 2022-12-26T16:23:33+00:00 Betty Betsayda Vera Raza Roddy Argenio Mero Intriago Gabriel Alfonso Burgos Briones Ramon Eudoro Cevallos Cedeño <p>Lignocellulosic waste corresponds to a large percentage of waste in the world. Over time research has been developed for the use of these. This waste can be converted into activated carbon. The objective of this scientific article is to carry out a bibliographic review of research carried out on lignocellulosic waste and activated carbon production methods. The applied methodology is based on the qualitative approach, in which a comparison is sought to the obtaining methods, their precursors, and the variables to be considered for quality evaluation. The chemical activation method turned out to be<br>the most effective since it provides greater adsorption capacity; the most feasible lignocellulosic residues used are sugar cane bagasse, coffee husk, potato weed, and bamboo.</p> 2022-12-16T20:21:42+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Betty Betsayda Vera Raza, Roddy Argenio Mero Intriago, Gabriel Alfonso Burgos Briones, Ramon Eudoro Cevallos Cedeño Multivariate methods applied to forest ecology in dry forest 2022-12-26T16:23:25+00:00 Jefferson Javier Castro-Villares Carlos Alfredo Salas-Macias Karime Montes-Escobar <p>Ecology studies the relationships between living beings, environment, distribution, and abundance, and how these properties are affected by the interaction between organisms and the environment in which they live (habitat), as well as the influence each living being has on the environment. Statistical methods are fundamental for the treatment of data and dissemination of information. The research focuses on exposing the multivariate techniques applied to analyze the relationships between tree species and the physical-chemical characteristics of the soil. The methodology consisted of reviewing articles related to keywords such as: "dry forest," "multivariate statistics," and "ecology." Among the relevant results, the canonical correspondence analysis, factor analysis, and dendrograms stand out.</p> 2022-12-19T00:44:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jefferson Javier Castro-Villares, Carlos Alfredo Salas-Macias, Karime Montes-Escobar Sampling the spatial variability of grassland soil properties 2023-01-04T16:56:28+00:00 Rodrigo Alberto Saquicela Rojas Lelly Useche Castro Ana Francisca Gonzalez Pedraza <p><span class="JsGRdQ">The properties of grazed grassland soils are frequently degraded in tropical areas. The objective of this work was to review the literature on the theory and results of sampling and analysis of the spatial variability of grassland soil properties worldwide and in Ecuador. The methodology, results, and discussion of 15 articles were reviewed, available in the databases: Scopus, SciELO, ScienceDirect, Scimago Journal &amp; Country Rank, Dialnet, and SpringerLink, and the respective theory of 5 books. It was found that worldwide there are soil sampling works that evaluate the spatial variability of their properties, while at the national level, the samples do not consider such variability. Therefore, it is crucial to conduct research in Ecuador on the spatial variability of soil properties with grasslands, allowing reliable decisions to be made for their management and conservation.</span></p> 2022-12-19T01:24:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rodrigo Alberto Saquicela Rojas, Lelly Useche Castro, Ana Francisca Gonzalez Pedraza Statistical machine learning methods applied in the study of web accessibility: a literature review 2023-03-11T00:02:30+00:00 Felix Zambrano Enmanuel Munoz <p><span class="JsGRdQ">An accessible website refers to the fact that any person, especially those with physical disabilities, can access the content of the website without problems. The objective of this research is the analysis through literature reviews of machine learning methods applied to the study of accessibility in the web portals of Decentralized Autonomous Governments. In addition, a systematic literature review methodology was used to review more than twenty scientific articles related to keywords such as web accessibility, statistics, and machine learning, among others. In the results obtained, several techniques stand out, especially those of unsupervised learning, since their usefulness was observed in several investigations, improving the analysis and understanding of the data. This research has shown that exciting work can be done on web accessibility in institutions, considering that these studies would significantly contribute to improving access to content.</span></p> 2022-12-19T02:00:40+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Felix Zambrano, Enmanuel Munoz